Research Papers

Effect of New Zealand Blackcurrant on Performance during the Running Based Anaerobic Sprint Test in Elite and Non-Elite Football Players

Synopsis:

  • Study tested 600mg NZBC on 15 non-elite and nine elite football players to investigate whether blackcurrant extract would improve performance during repeated, high-intensity sprints 
  • Blackcurrant had a clear effect on elite players, who experienced less slowing in the sprint tests
  • Elite players had reduced slowing of sprint times, an effect not observed in the non-elite players
  • 12 of the 24 players (including five of the nine elites) demonstrated a lower fatigue index by a combined absolute value of 3.5%, calculated on the change in maximum power to the slowest sprint
  • Elite footballers benefited more from New Zealand blackcurrant extract supplementation in exhaustive running test with long recovery times
Abstract: Sports Nutrition and Supplements Conference, Philadelphia, December 2016

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    Endothelium-Dependent Vasorelaxation Induced by Blackcurrant Concentrate in Rat Thoracic
    Synopsis
    • Induces vasorelasation via increased levels of nitric oxide
    • Increased blood flow helps prevent muscle fatigue
    • Degree of vasorelaxation was dose dependent
    Published, Japanese Journal of Pharmacology, 2002
      Substrate oxidation by New Zealand Blackcurrant extract during cycling: A dose-response study

      Synopsis

      • Fat oxidation at ~65% Vo2max in trained cyclists by intake of New Zealand blackcurrant extract for 7 days exhibited a dose-dependent response
      • During 120 minutes of cycling at ~65% Vo2max, NZB extract increased fat oxidation by 22% and 24% for 600mg and 900mg

      • During 120 minutes cycling ~65% Vo2max, NZB extract decreased carbohydrate oxidation by up to 11.5%.

      Abstract: Released ISENC, 2015 [In Press]
        New Zealand Blackcurrant improves cycling performance and fat oxidation in cyclists
        Synopsis
        • CurraNZ blackcurrant extract improved 16.1 km time trial performance by 2.4% (mean) with improvements up to 8.6%.
        • CurraNZ improved fat oxidation up to 27% at moderate exercise intensity
        • CurraNZ blackcurrant extract improved cycling speed in the last 75% of the 16.1 km time-trial.
        • CurraNZ allowed athletes to tolerate higher concentrations of blood plasma lactate 
        Published, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2015
          New Zealand blackcurrant may assist sports recovery and immunity
          Synopsis
          • Assists the natural benefits of exercise
          • Controls oxidative stress and inflammation
          • Assits immune protection - enhanced immunity
          • Speedier tissue repair, recovery and performance
          • Train/work harder and for longer
          Plant & Food Research Institute: NZ Blackcurrant for Sports Performance
          Synopsis
          • Blackcurrant consumption modulates exercise-induced oxidative stress and inflammatory responses
          • NZBC extract, exhibiting both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, if ingested at appropriate amounts and at the appropriate time, may enhance exercise-induced health benefits
          • Long-term consumption of NZBC anthocyanins may activate adaptive antioxidant and immune modulatory mechanisms.
          Published in the American Journal of Physiology, 2009 
            Beneficial physiological effects of New Zealand blackcurrant intake on Endurance Athletes
            Synopsis
            • Delayed OBLA, complete shift of the lactate curve, which may have beneficial implications for endurance athletes as it would allow prolonged high intensity exercise during competition and endurance exercise training
            • Lower lactate of 13% and increased power at maximum oxygen uptake
            • Up to 27% lower lactate across all cycling intensities
            • Conclusion: Observations suggest increased lactate clearance
            • The delay in OBLA could be predictive for an enhancement of cycling endurance performance
            Published, Journal of Human Kinetics, 2015
            New Zealand Blackcurrant Extract Improves High-Intensity Intermittent Running

            Synopsis

            • CurraNZ blackcurrant extract improved distance covered during sprints by 10.6%, or 411m (mean)
            • 1 in 3 subjects improved more than 15%.
            • A trend towards higher lactate at exhaustion
            • Participants showed increased lactate clearance up to 30 minutes post exercise, showing improved recovery

            Paper published in the International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism

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            Metabolic and Physiological Responses by New Zealand Blackcurrant during Cycling: A dose-response study

            Synopsis

            • Respiratory Exchange Ratio decreased 2.49% / 2.48% for 600mg and 900mg/day
            • Change indicated enhanced fat oxidation
            • Increased fat oxidation by New Zealand blackcurrant extract may enhance performance
            Abstract selected for special thematic session at the 2016 American College of Sports Medicine Conference, Boston
              Cardiovascular Function During Supine Rest in Endurance-Trained Males with New Zealand Blackcurrant: A Dose-Response Study

              Synopsis

              • Dose-response study investigating cardiovascular responses in cyclists at rest, with 300mg, 600mg, 900mg NZB extract
              • Results showed NZB extract had a moderate to large effect on CV responses
              • Responses varied between doses, highest at 900mg
              • Extract reduced total peripheral resistance by 20.2% (900mg)
              • Increased cardiac output 27.5% (900mg)
              • Increased stroke volume 17.7% (900mg)
              • Effect on blood volume pumped may enhance post-exercise recovery in athletes
              • May be beneficial for clinical populations affected by reduced circulation
              Published, European Journal of Applied Physiology,December 2016
                Beneficial Effects of New Zealand Blackcurrant Extract on Maximal Sprint Speed during the Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test

                Synopsis

                • Study assessed whether NZBC could help athletes maintain the performance of repeated maximal sprints in field sports, especially in latter stages of game
                • Eight of 13 participants had higher running times to exhaustion after consuming CurraNZ
                • Those participants who increased time to exhaustion did so by on average 15%
                • NZBC intake allowed for better maintenance of the fastest sprint time during LIST
                • Participants tolerated higher heart rate values and ran for longer at higher intensity
                • Particpants showed reduced slowing of the fastest sprints at exhaustive stages
                Published: August, 2016, Special Issue: Sport Nutrition for Health and Performance
                  Effects of Blackcurrant Anthocyanin Intake on Peripheral Muscle Circulation in during Typing Work in Humans
                  Synopsis
                  • Blackcurrant anthocyanin increases resting blood flow
                  • Prevents decrease in muscle oxygenation that occurs during exercise
                  • Increases production nitric oxide
                  • Increases arterial flow to muscle tissue
                  • Reduces workload on muscles due to increase blood flow and oxygen supply
                  • Facilitates removal of unfavorable metabolites (lactic acid, free fatty acids, etc)
                  • Prevents hypoxia and disturbance of oxidative metabolism in muscles
                  Published, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2005
                    Polyphenolic phytochemicals – just antioxidants or much more?
                    Synopsis
                    • Protects cells from oxidative stress, which leads to intracellular imbalanced DNA lesions (thus inhibiting DNA damage)
                    • Polyphenols reduce oxidative stress by antioxidant enzymes
                    • Polyphenols act as inflammatory modulatory agents by inhibiting the inflammatory signalling cascades
                    • Increases the cells' ability to scavenge ROS* produced in inflammatory processes.